Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a British
model parliamentary democracy. The prime minister and
his government rule the country, which is often called
just Saint Vincent. The government is responsible to
Parliament, which consists of a chamber.
Saint Vincent is an independent state within the
Commonwealth consisting of Britain and the former
British colonies. The head of state is the British
monarch, represented by a domestic general governor with
Total population and chart of St. Vincent and The Grenadines for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Of the members of Parliament, 15 "representatives"
are elected in general elections held for a maximum of
five years. This is done in majority elections in
one-man election circles. Six senators are appointed by
the Governor-General: four on a proposal by the Prime
Minister and two on a proposal by the opposition leader.
In addition, the Speaker and the Prosecutor General are
included in Parliament. Both can either be MPs or are
picked from outside, which means that the total number
of MEPs varies between 21 and 23.
Citizens over the age of 18 have the right to vote.
The country is divided into six parishes: five on the
island of Saint Vincent and one covering the islands of
Politics is completely dominated by two political
parties, the left-wing United Labor Party (ULP) and the
more right-wing New Democratic Party (New Democratic
Party, NDP). There are also some smaller parties but
they have a hard time getting any impact.
The legal system is based on the British. Judgment
can be appealed to an East Caribbean Supreme Court in
neighboring Saint Lucia and further to the British Privy
Council in London.
Since 2005, the Caribbean Supreme Court (CCJ) has
been in Trinidad, established by the regional
cooperation body Caricom (see Foreign Policy and
Defense). CCJ is intended to replace the Privy Council
as the highest judicial body for the Caricom countries,
but Saint Vincent has not yet approved the change.
The law allows the death penalty, but no execution
has taken place since 1995. Reports testify that the
police use unnecessarily much force and the conditions
in the country's only prison are substandard due to