In Saint Lucia, the British monarch is head
of state and is represented on the island by a Governor
General. However, the executive power is very much in
the hands of the country's government, which is
responsible to the legislative parliament. Two political
parties, the Conservative United Workers 'Party (UWP)
and the Left Liberal Saint Lucia's Workers' Party (SLP),
have been taking turns to rule the country since
independence from the British in 1979.
Saint Lucia is an independent state within the
Commonwealth, consisting of Britain and the former
British colonies. The Governor General is appointed on a
proposal by the Prime Minister (the Head of Government)
and primarily has formal duties. These include
appointing the Prime Minister, who must be supported by
a majority in Parliament. The government is led by the
prime minister, who appoints other ministers.
Total population and chart of St. Lucia for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Parliament has two chambers: the Senate
and the lower house. The
Governor-General appoints the eleven senators: two elect
themselves, six are elected by the prime minister and
three are elected by the opposition. The 17 members of
the lower house are elected in general elections to be
held for a maximum of five years. The voting age is 21
Saint Lucia's politics are dominated by the country's
two oldest parties: the Conservative United
Workers' Party (UWP) and the
left-wing Saint Lucia's Labor Party
(Saint Lucia's Labor Party, SLP). Since
independence in 1979, UWP and SLP have been rotating to
hold government power for shorter or longer periods. The
change of power has taken place in connection with free
and general elections.
The other parties are very small and have no
representation in Parliament.
Alongside the lots, there are well-organized pressure
groups, especially among the banana growers.
The judiciary and human rights
The judiciary is built on a British pattern. Local
court judgments can be appealed to an East Caribbean
Supreme Court in Castries and further to the British
Privy Council in London. Saint Lucia founded in 2005,
together with eight countries within the regional
cooperation organization Caricom, the Caribbean Court of
Justice CCJ (Caribbean Court of Justice). In addition to
serving as the highest court for the countries that
wish, CCJ will also judge on issues related to Caricom's
internal market. In 2013, Saint Lucia initiated a
process to replace the Privy Council with CCJ as the
Drug-related crime in the country has led to demands
for tougher crimes against criminals. Since the
beginning of the 21st century, a debate has been held
about resuming the execution of sentenced prisoners. The
last execution was carried out in 1993.
The country's police force has received criticism
from, among other things, the United States for police
commands being guilty of several fatalities and
unnecessarily violent methods in connection with the
hunting of suspected criminals, such as drug dealers.