Saint Kitts and Nevis have been part of the
Commonwealth since independence in 1983, consisting of
Britain and the former British colonies. The country is
a monarchy with Britain's Queen Elizabeth II as head of
state. The queen is represented on the islands by a
general governor, who acts on the advice of the
The Government is led by the Prime Minister and is
responsible to Parliament, the National Assembly,
which has the legislative power. The National Assembly
comprises the Governor General and eleven elected
members and three appointed senators (two on a proposal
by the Prime Minister and one from the opposition
leader). Eight of the elected seats are occupied by
representatives from the main island of Saint Kitts,
while the remaining three go to representatives from the
island of Nevis. Extra parliamentary seats are given to
the Prosecutor and the Speaker if they are not already
elected to the National Assembly. A President sitting on
an extra mandate has no voting rights. Parliamentary
elections shall be held at least every five years. The
voting age is 18 years.
Total population and chart of St. Kitts and Nevis for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Nevis has a local government and its own legislative
assembly consisting of the Governor General, five
elected and three elected members (two on a proposal by
the Prime Minister and one from the opposition leader).
According to the Constitution, Nevis has the right to
request withdrawal from the federation under certain
conditions. It requires two-thirds of Nevi's residents
in a referendum to support a request for exit.
A dominant political force is the Social Democratic
Labor Party (Saint Kitts and Nevis
Labor Party, SKNLP) who ruled the
country from 1995 to 2015. Even during the colonial era,
the Labor Party was the largest party in the country but
a few years before independence in 1983 the party began
to lose support and the 1980 election was won by the
right party. people's Action movement
(people's Action movement, PAM) who
then ruled until the election 1995.
At Nevis, politics is characterized by the issue of
independence. The parties in the local parliament,
concerned citizens movement (Concerned
Citizens Movement, CCM) and the
Nevis Renewal Party (Nevis Reformation Party,
NRP) advocates both independence.
In the summer of 2013, a new party, the
People's Labor Party (PLP),
was formed by some ministers who were on edge with the
then Prime Minister Denzil Douglas (see Modern History).
Later that year formed the PLP, PAM and CCM alliance,
Unit Team (Unity Team), who won the
In terms of management, Saint Kitts and Nevis are
divided into 14 smaller areas, parishes.
Nine of them are on the main island and five on Nevis.
The judiciary and human rights
The judiciary is built on a British pattern. Local
court decisions can be appealed to an East Caribbean
Supreme Court in Saint Lucia. The highest court is the
British Privy Council in London, but that function is to
be taken over by the CCJ (Caribbean Court of Justice)
regional court, which has its seat in Trinidad. CCJ has
been around since 2005, but Saint Kitts and Nevis have
not yet implemented the judicial reforms needed to
replace the Supreme Court. CCJ's main activity is to
resolve disputes between the members of the Caribbean
economic cooperation organization Caricom.
The crime rate is high. Like several of its
neighboring countries, Saint Kitts and Nevis serve as a
transhipment station for the extensive drug trafficking
from South America to North America and Europe. The drug
leagues do not withdraw to threaten judges and
prosecutors and thus make the work of the judiciary more
The death penalty can be punished for serious violent
crimes. The country's only prison is built for 150
prisoners but usually houses many more.