Nauru is a republic with a parliamentary
regime. The elected parliament elects from among its
members the country's president, who is at the same time
the head of government and himself appoints other
ministers from the parliamentarians. Domestic politics
is largely about a power struggle between the island
chiefs. All choices are personal choices, no real
Parliament has 19 members (since the 2013 elections,
before that they were 18) elected in general elections
every three years. There is a duty to vote for citizens
(Naurus only) over 20 years.
Total population and chart of Nauru for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Since the mid-1990s, the country has had on average
two governments a year. The constant change of
government is usually preceded by a vote of no
confidence in Parliament. Because there are no parties,
it is easy for members to switch sides, from government
to opposition. Discussions have been made about changing
the constitution, which is from independence in 1968, to
stabilize politics. But when the country's first
referendum was held in February 2010, voters voted by a
broad margin down a draft constitutional amendment that
would have meant, among other things, that the president
was directly elected by the people.
Nauru is divided into 14 districts. There is no
official capital, but parliament and government are
based in the district of Yaren.
The judiciary is independent. In addition to the
state judicial system, many disputes are traditionally
resolved through mediation. This applies in particular
to inheritance rights and the right to land. The death
penalty has been abolished.
Together with Australia, Nauru has received criticism
from, among others, the UN and Amnesty International for
the fact that hundreds of asylum seekers in an
Australian detention camp in Nauru are living in poor
conditions, such as severe congestion in hot climates
with poor hygienic conditions. Amnesty has also
criticized the long processing times. There are also
reports of repeated physical and sexual abuse of the
In spring 2018, Nauru abolished Australia's highest
court as the last court of appeal. It was replaced in
December of that year by the Naurus Court of Appeal. The
country received international criticism for the change
taking place before a new Nauri Supreme Court was in
operation. Assessors warned that the amendment could
weaken the legal security of asylum-seeking refugees.