Grenada has been an independent republic
within the Commonwealth since 1974 with a two-chamber
parliament and a general governor representing the head
of state, the British monarch. Party politics are
characterized by personal contradictions, which has led
to a number of outbursts and new party formation. The
legal system is based on the British.
The government has the executive power and is
responsible to the legislative parliament, which
consists of the House of Representatives with 15 members
and the Senate with 13 senators. The House of
Representatives is elected in general elections for a
maximum of five years. The members of the Senate are
appointed by the Governor-General: ten are proposed by
the Prime Minister and three by the leader of the
largest opposition party. The voting age is 18 years.
Total population and chart of Grenada for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Administratively, Grenada is divided into six
municipalities (parishes) and a subordinate area
(dependency): Carriacou and Petite Martinique (which are
two islands in the Grenadines).
Party politics are characterized by personal
contradictions. Most parties have been founded since
1983 (see Modern History). Nowadays, there are two main
opponents in politics: the conservative and nationalist
New National Party (NNP)
and the Liberal Party National Democratic
Congress (National Democratic Congress,
NDC) formed by outbreakers from the NNP in
1987. NNP received almost 60 percent of the the votes
and all the seats in the House of Representatives in
both 2013 and 2018.
The judiciary and human rights
The judiciary is structured according to British
design and the courts have an independent position.
Judgments can be appealed to an East Caribbean Supreme
Court in Saint Lucia and on to the British Council of
Ministers' Legal Committee in London, the Privy Council.
Grenada has joined the Caribbean Court of Justice
(Caribbean Court of Justice, CCJ) in Trinidad and
Tobago, which was inaugurated in 2005, but has not yet
taken it over as the country's highest court. The CCJ,
which was formed by the countries of the Caribbean
cooperation organization Caricom, is intended to serve
as both the highest legal body for member countries and
as a court for, for example, trade disputes within the
The death penalty is still there, but no executions
have been carried out since 1978.
Grenada has a relatively good reputation in respect
of human rights, although the police are often accused
of corruption and abuse of power. Another problem is
that the country's only prison is often overcrowded.
Grenada has been criticized for dealing with the 17
convicted of the 1983 murders of Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and his supporters. The human rights organization
Amnesty International described them as political
prisoners and claimed that grave errors were committed
during the trial (see Modern History). In 2009, the
remaining seven convicted were released after serving