Dominica is a republic. According to the 1978
Constitution, the President has the executive power but
it is exercised in practice by the government. Since the
2005 election, Dominica can in fact be said to have a
The president is the head of state and is appointed
by Parliament for a five-year term. A president may sit
for a maximum of two terms of office. The President
appoints the Prime Minister and the rest of the
government who must be supported by Parliament.
Total population and chart of Dominica for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
Parliament has the legislative power. It consists of
a chamber with 30 members. Twenty-one of the members are
elected in general elections, which must be held at
least every five years. Of the nine other members, the
senators, five are appointed by the prime minister and
four by the opposition leader.
Since independence in 1978, the three parties
alternated in power: the left-leaning Labor
Party (Labor Party), the Conservative
Party for Freedom (Dominica Freedom Party; DFP)
and the middle portion United Workers Party
(United Workers Party).
For the first time after independence, domestic
politics was dominated by Freedom Party leader Eugenia
Charles, known as the region's "iron lady". After 27
years as an active politician, including 15 years as
prime minister, Charles resigned just before the 1995
elections. The United Labor Party, formed as late as
1988, won the election. In the 2000 election, the Labor
Party returned to power after two decades in opposition.
The Labor Party also won the elections 2005, 2009 and
The justice system is built on the British model and
the courts can do their job without the influence of
politicians. However, the courts are understaffed,
leading to long waiting times. Judgments can be appealed
to the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court in Castries on
Saint Lucia and on to the Regional Court of Caribbean
Court of Justice (CCJ) in Trinidad and Tobago.
The police have a good reputation and allegations of
human rights violations are unusual. Officers suspected
of abuse are brought to justice.